The earliest historical records of giant dog breeds date back to ancient China. The Tibetan Mastiff is the successor of these breeds and originates from Tibet, Nepal and the Himalayan regions. Their ancestors were reported to have walked alongside ancient Persian and Greek armies. In the few hundreds of years to follow, this breed continued to be isolated in the Himalayan mountain range. This allowed the purity of the breed to remain intact and develop into the modern mastiff that is seen today.

Physical Characteristics

Weighing between 80 to 150 pounds or more, the Tibetan Mastiff is a large breed. The standard height of a fully grown male is 26-29 inches (from the shoulders) and 24-27 inches for a female. Giant dog breeds also have a bushy look with its large tail and heavy coat. It is athletic and has a notable, alert posture. The most prized areas of this dog are its head and tail.

Personality and Temperament

The Tibetan Mastiff is highly revered for its calm personality and protective nature. It’s also known for its quiet, territorial and independent traits. Tibetan Mastiffs also work well with children but it’s not advised to let them watch over children that are playing. The dog can easily mistake rough play as acts of aggression and interfere with them. Strangers are another notable point to discuss. Even if a friend is let into a house, a Tibetan Mastiff might not approve.

Tibetan Mastiffs are high maintenance when it comes to their training needs. They need someone who is experienced enough to guide them through the process of a consistent and firm training regimen. This type of dog also dislikes aggression. It doesn’t respond well to conflict between humans and will likely attempt to disrupt it.


In some cases, diseases are inherited. This means that they are specific to breed and are genetic. In these instances, nothing can be done to cure them. However, most of the ailments affecting Tibetan Mastiffs can be prevented or resolved. The following guide will cover some of the more common diseases this breed.

Dental Disease

This is the most common disease in this breed. Cleaning the dog’s teeth frequently can help prevent this. If it isn’t treated appropriately, this disease can spread to vital organs and shorten the dog’s life by 1 to 3 years.


Obesity is the second most common health issue that affects giant dog breeds. It will wreak havoc on their joints, cause digestive problems and even lead to heart disease. When they are pining for food, it’s often best to refrain from feeding them and go for a walk instead.

Thyroid Issues

Thyroid issues are something that affects Tibetan Mastiffs significantly. Signs of this include a dry coat, fur loss, and odd behavior. They may be overly passive or too aggressive.


  • Proper diet and exercise go a long way when it comes to Tibetan Mastiffs
  • Supervision is necessary so the dog doesn’t eat something they aren’t supposed to
  • Brushing the coat early and often is crucial
  • Tend to their ears and clean them once per week
  • Emotional management is important — Tibetan Mastiffs are sensitive dogs
  • Brushing their teeth at least twice per week is critical

Caring for a Tibetan Mastiff correctly ensures a longer, happier lifespan.

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